Jianchu Xu is the regional coordinator and chief scientist for the World Agroforestry Centre, East and Central Asia Office, and a Professor of the Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, where he heads the Centre for Mountain Ecosystem Studies. Professor Xu is a plant ecologist and ethno-botanist working on sustainable forest management in the coupled socio-ecological systems of Asian highlands. Professor Xu’s current research includes investigation of early warning signals of global change, ecosystem restoration, forest management, agroforestry, and the integrative conservation and role of fungi in ecosystem functioning and services. Professor Xu has spent more than thirty years of living and working in the Greater Mekong Sub-region and now chairs the Mountain Futures Initiative (MFI). The MFI is a part of the Global Land Programme and aims to identify and develop innovative solutions to livelihood and climate problems in the world’s mountainous regions.